Vol. 6 No. 2 (2019): School, university and racial laws in Italy. A historical-educational reflection between history, stories, testimony and autobiograhpy
Monographic Section Articles

Between "Scientific" and Political Racism: Global Perspectives on School and Racial Discrimination in Fascist Italy and Early 20th Century America

David Salomoni
Università degli Studi di Roma 3
Published December 5, 2019
  • storia della scuola,
  • eugenetica,
  • razzismo,
  • fascismo,
  • storia americana
How to Cite
Salomoni, D. (2019). Between "Scientific" and Political Racism. Rivista Di Storia dell’Educazione, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.4454/rse.v6i2.220


How did racial laws come into being in 1938 Fascist Italy? Why was school one of the institutions in which they were most rigorously applied? Was it a simple subjection to the powerful German ally or the result of a more structured eugenic and racist thought? This article, retracing the racial and eugenic theories process of structuring in relation to the world of education, tries to answer these questions in the light of the comparison with the situation in the United States, where racial and eugenic theories had a particularly early laboratory of elaboration and diffusion.