Vol. 6 No. 2 (2019): School, university and racial laws in Italy. A historical-educational reflection between history, stories, testimony and autobiograhpy
Monographic Section Articles

The Fascist anti-Jewish persecution in schools and universities

Michele Sarfatti

Published 2019-11-28


  • fascism,
  • schools,
  • universities,
  • Giuseppe Bottai

How to Cite

Sarfatti, M. (2019). The Fascist anti-Jewish persecution in schools and universities. Rivista Di Storia dell’Educazione, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.4454/rse.v6i2.207


The essay surveys the entire body of anti-Jewish regulations that in 1938 came into force in Italian schools and universities, as a result of both legislative and administrative measures. The regulations were brought in by Giuseppe Bottai, the Minister of National Education. The essay sums up the situation of Jews in education on the eve of persecution and updates the numbers hitherto known on the expulsion of students and teachers “of Jewish race”. It is based on new research in the archives of the ministry, of the local education authorities and of universities. Fascist anti-Semitic persecution affected the Italian education system in all its various depart- ments and was totalitarian in nature